(noun, adjective, verb, adverb)


1. having or caused by an irregular surface

- trees with rough bark

- rough ground

- rough skin

Similar word(s): uneven, unironed, wrinkled, unpolished, irregular, coarse, harsh, nonslippery, abrasive, scratchy, alligatored, cracked, barky, broken, rugged, bullate, bumpy, chapped, roughened, corded, twilled, costate, ribbed, cragged, craggy, hilly, mountainous, crushed, homespun, nubbly, nubby, slubbed, tweedy, imbricate, imbricated, lepidote, leprose, scabrous, scaly, scurfy, squamulose, lined, seamed, pocked, pockmarked, potholed, rockbound, bouldered, bouldery, rocky, stony, gravelly, pebbly, shingly, roughish, rugose, sandpapery, scabby, shagged, shaggy, textured, verrucose, wartlike, warty, unsmooth

2. (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse

- she was a diamond in the rough

- rough manners

Similar word(s): unrefined

3. not quite exact or correct

- a rough guess

Similar word(s): inexact, approximate, approximative

4. full of hardship or difficulties

- they were having a rough time

Similar word(s): difficult, hard, rocky

5. violently agitated and turbulent

- rough weather

- rough seas

Similar word(s): stormy, boisterous, fierce

6. unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound

Similar word(s): cacophonic, cacophonous, grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, scratchy

7. ready and able to resort to force or violence

- they were rough and determined fighting men

Similar word(s): aggressive, pugnacious

8. of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped

Similar word(s): simple, unsubdivided, compound, bidentate, biserrate, ciliate, ciliated, crenate, crenated, scalloped, crenulate, crenulated, crispate, dentate, denticulate, emarginate, erose, jagged, jaggy, notched, toothed, fimbriate, fringed, laciniate, lacerate, lacerated, pectinate, rimose, runcinate, serrate, serrated, serrulate, spinose

9. causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements

- a rough ride

Similar word(s): bumpy, jolting, jolty, jumpy, rocky

10. not shaped by cutting or trimming

- rough gemstones

Similar word(s): unsheared, uncut

11. not carefully or expertly made

- rough carpentry

Similar word(s): unskilled, crude

12. not perfected

- a rough draft

- a few rough sketches

Similar word(s): unpolished

13. unpleasantly stern

- the nomad life is rough and hazardous

Similar word(s): unpleasant, harsh

14. unkind or cruel or uncivil

- a mean or rough answer

Similar word(s): unkind, harsh

Sentences with rough as an adjective:

- a rough estimate; a rough sketch of a building

- The sea was rough.

- Being a teenager nowadays can be rough.

- His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.

- This box has been through some rough handling.

- a rough diamond

- rough wine


1. with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly')

- he was pushed roughly aside

- they treated him rough

Similar word(s): roughly

2. with rough motion as over a rough surface

- ride rough

Similar word(s): roughly


1. the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short

Definition categories: location, site


1. prepare in preliminary or sketchy form

Definition categories: creation, prepare

Sentences with rough as a verb:

- Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.