1. appearing earlier in the same text
- flaws in the above interpretation
Similar word(s): preceding
1. (in writing) at an earlier place
- see above
Similar word(s): supra
2. in or to a place that is higher
Sentences with above as an adverb:
- He's in a better place now, floating free as the clouds above.
- He appealed to the court above.
- It was a cold day at only 5 above.
- The sparrow I saw was rufous above and off-white below.
1. an earlier section of a written text
- for instructions refer to the above
1. Physically over; on top of; worn on top of, as clothing. [First attested prior to 1150.]
- He always put his coat on above his sweater.
2. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; — opposed to below or beneath. [First attested prior to 1150.]
3. Farther north than. [First attested prior to 1150.]
- Idaho is above Utah.
4. Rising; appearing out of reach height-wise. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
5. Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing; higher in measure, degree, volume, or pitch, etc. than; out of reach; not exposed to; not likely to be affected by; incapable of negative actions or thoughts. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
- Even the chief of police is not above suspicion.
- He was aways above reproach.
- That's above my comprehension.
6. Higher in rank, status, or position. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
- to stand head and shoulders above the rest
7. In addition to; besides. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
- over and above
- above and beyond the call of duty
8. Surpassing in number or quantity; more than; as, above a hundred. [First attested around (1350 to 1470.)]
9. In preference to.
10. Too proud to stoop; averse to; disinclined; too honorable to give.
- The owner was above taking more than a token salary.
11. (theater) Upstage of.
12. Beyond; on the other side.