(noun, adjective, adverb, preposition)


1. appearing earlier in the same text

- flaws in the above interpretation

Similar word(s): preceding


1. (in writing) at an earlier place

- see above

Similar word(s): supra

2. in or to a place that is higher

Sentences with above as an adverb:

- He's in a better place now, floating free as the clouds above.

- He appealed to the court above.

- It was a cold day at only 5 above.

- The sparrow I saw was rufous above and off-white below.


1. an earlier section of a written text

- for instructions refer to the above

Definition categories: communication, section, subdivision


1. Physically over; on top of; worn on top of, as clothing. [First attested prior to 1150.]

- He always put his coat on above his sweater.

2. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; — opposed to below or beneath. [First attested prior to 1150.]

3. Farther north than. [First attested prior to 1150.]

- Idaho is above Utah.

4. Rising; appearing out of reach height-wise. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]

5. Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing; higher in measure, degree, volume, or pitch, etc. than; out of reach; not exposed to; not likely to be affected by; incapable of negative actions or thoughts. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]

- Even the chief of police is not above suspicion.

- He was aways above reproach.

- That's above my comprehension.

6. Higher in rank, status, or position. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]

- to stand head and shoulders above the rest

7. In addition to; besides. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]

- over and above

- above and beyond the call of duty

8. Surpassing in number or quantity; more than; as, above a hundred. [First attested around (1350 to 1470.)]

9. In preference to.

10. Too proud to stoop; averse to; disinclined; too honorable to give.

- The owner was above taking more than a token salary.

11. (theater) Upstage of.

12. Beyond; on the other side.