1. not having enough money to pay for necessities

Similar word(s): poor, impecunious, penniless, pinched

2. excessively unwilling to spend

- lived in a most penurious manner--denying himself every indulgence

Similar word(s): stingy, ungenerous, parsimonious

Sentences with penurious as an adjective:

- The old man died a penurious wretch; eighty-thousand dollars in the mattress and as many holes in the roof.

- The penurious stew would have been more accurately labelled broth.

- The poor penurious horde, naught in the cooking pot and naught in the belly.