(noun, verb)


1. the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally

- he was numb with shock

Similar word(s): daze, stupor

Definition categories: feeling, stupefaction

2. the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat

- the armies met in the shock of battle

Similar word(s): impact

Definition categories: act, combat, fight, fighting, scrap

3. a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body

- subjects received a small electric shock when they made the wrong response

- electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks

Definition categories: act, reflex

4. (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor

- loss of blood is an important cause of shock

Definition categories: state, collapse, prostration

5. an instance of agitation of the earth's crust

- the first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch

Definition categories: event, earthquake, quake, seism, temblor

6. an unpleasant or disappointing surprise

- it came as a shock to learn that he was injured

Similar word(s): blow

Definition categories: event, surprise

7. a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field

- corn is bound in small sheaves and several sheaves are set up together in shocks

- whole fields of wheat in shock

Definition categories: group, agglomerate, cumulation, cumulus, heap, mound, pile

8. a bushy thick mass (especially hair)

- he had an unruly shock of black hair

Definition categories: group, mass

9. a sudden jarring impact

- all the jars and jolts were smoothed out by the shock absorbers

Similar word(s): jar, jolt, jounce

Definition categories: event, blow, bump

10. a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses

- the old car needed a new set of shocks

Similar word(s): cushion

Definition categories: man–made, damper, muffler

Sentences with shock as a noun:

- The train hit the buffers with a great shock.

- a head covered with a shock of sandy hair


1. surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off

Similar word(s): floor

Definition categories: emotion, surprise

2. strike with disgust or revulsion

- The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends

Similar word(s): appal, appall, offend, outrage, scandalise, scandalize

Definition categories: emotion, disgust, nauseate, revolt, sicken

3. strike with horror or terror

- The news of the bombing shocked her

Definition categories: emotion, alarm, appal, appall, dismay, horrify

4. collide violently

Definition categories: contact, clash, collide

5. collect or gather into shocks

- shock grain

Definition categories: contact, collect, garner, gather

6. subject to electrical shocks

Definition categories: body, treat

7. inflict a trauma upon

Similar word(s): traumatise, traumatize

Definition categories: body, injure, wound

Sentences with shock as a verb:

- The disaster shocked the world.

- to shock rye