(noun, adjective, verb)


1. intended to deceive; false.

- sham modesty

Similar word(s): counterfeit, imitative, assumed, false, fictitious, fictive, pretended

Sentences with sham as an adjective:

- It was only a sham wedding: they didn't care much for one another but wanted their parents to stop hassling them.


1. something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be

Similar word(s): fake, postiche

Definition categories: man–made, imitation

2. a person who makes deceitful pretenses

Similar word(s): fake, faker, fraud, imposter, impostor, pretender, pseud, pseudo, shammer

Definition categories: person, beguiler, cheat, cheater, deceiver, slicker, trickster

Sentences with sham as a noun:

- The time-share deal was a sham.

- A con-man must be skilled in the arts of sham and deceit.


1. make a pretence of

Similar word(s): assume, feign, simulate

Definition categories: creation, act, dissemble, pretend

2. make believe with the intent to deceive

- He shammed a headache

Similar word(s): affect, dissemble, feign, pretend

Definition categories: communication, belie, misrepresent